Statewide Survey of Historic Properties
The records of the South Carolina Statewide Survey of Historic Properties include information on over 77,000 historic buildings, structures, sites, objects, and landscapes. The records include documentation on properties in every county within the state. Relatively few properties have been recorded in some counties, while thousands have been recorded in others. Most records of the South Carolina Statewide Survey of Historic Properties are available for public use. For information about the use of these records see the Consultant's Guide to Survey and National Register Files (PDF). The location of sensitive or endangered sites, however, may be restricted.
A historic resources survey is the process of systematically identifying historic properties within the boundaries of a specific geographical area, documenting their location and physical characteristics, and evaluating their significance within an appropriate historical context.
Information produced through historic resource surveys serves many purposes. The SHPO uses survey information to identify properties eligible for the National Register of Historic Places. City, county, and regional planners use survey information to develop preservation management plans and in preparing comprehensive community plans. Economic development programs rely on survey information to attract investors to communities and to promote heritage tourism. Survey information provides educators, civic organizations, and interested citizens with a basis for learning about the history of their community and making decisions about the care of historic properties.
In some cases, survey documentation may be the only record of buildings and structures that have been destroyed since they were surveyed. As such, it provides an important glimpse into the lives of past generations.
The Survey Process: A Continuing Need
The Statewide Survey is an ongoing process. Many architecturally and historically significant resources have yet to be documented, and comprehensive surveys have not been conducted in many parts of the state. Also as time passes, some properties achieve significance and others are altered or destroyed. These changes must be recorded so that the survey records are accurate and up-to-date.
Survey Finding Aid
A finding aid index to the survey records with brief information about each survey is listed below by county in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. Survey records are available by request through the Research Room at the SC Archives and History Center. See also Historic Contexts/Survey Reports for select countywide, municipal, and thematic survey reports.
NOTE: The records of the statewide archaeological survey are maintained by the South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology (SCIAA). In 1968, the state legislature charged the Institute with creating and maintaining the Statewide Archaeological Site Inventory. Today the inventory includes data on more than 20,000 archaeological sites. Information about using the archaeological site files is available on the SCIAA website.
Select a County to view the finding aid index:
Survey Manual: Statewide Survey of Historic Properties
(Note: the Survey Manual is currently being revised; publication is expected in early 2018)
Request a blank copy of SHPO's Master Survey Database (New version, released November 2017)
SHPO Survey Form (New version, released November 2017)
Electronic Submission Requirements for Planning Surveys and Review & Compliance Surveys (New, released November 2017)
Secession Lake Dam, 1940, Abbeville County. An excellent example of a reinforced concrete multiple arch dam and the only one of its kind in South Carolina
Octagonal Barn built ca. 1915 near McConnells, York County
Sander's Ferry Bridge, Iva vicinity, Anderson County. A three span, pin connected, camelback-through-truss bridge built in 1926. Recorded by the Richard B. Russell Multiple Resource Area survey, 1979